What is CDM?
The Construction Design and Management Regulations 2015, (CDM 2015) came into force on 6 April 2015, replacing the previous regulations which were CDM 2007. These regulations show people in construction work what they need to do in order to protect themselves from harm, and others who the work affects.
Whatever your role in construction, CDM 2015 aims to improve health and safety in the industry by helping you to:
- Logically plan work, so the risks involved are managed from start to finish
- Make sure the right people are doing the right job at the right time
- Coordinate and share your work with others
- Make sure you have the right information about the risks, and how you plan to manage them
- Communicate the above information effectively to everyone that needs to know
- Consult and engage with workers about the risks and how they are being managed to ensure that there is no confusion.
- Provide information about the building for its whole life use
- Construction phase plan
- Trigger dates now 30 days and 20 people on site OR involving 500 man days
- CDMC has been replaced by Principal Designer
- Transitional period for construction projects that started before 6 April 2015
- A principal designer must be appointed to replace the CDM co-ordinator by 6 October 2015 unless the project ends before then.
Other transitional arrangements can be found here.
Who is affected?
Organisations or individuals can carry out the role of more than one duty holder, provided they have the skills, knowledge, experience and the organisational capability necessary to carry out those roles in a way that secures health and safety. Nearly everyone involved in construction projects has legal responsibilities under CDM 2015.
Here is a list of duty holders and how they are defined in the new legislation:
- Commercial Clients - Organisations or individuals for whom a construction project is carried out that is done as part of a business.
- Domestic Clients - People who have construction work carried out on their own home (or the home of a family member) that is not done as part of a business.
- Designers - Organisations or individuals who as part of a business, prepare or modify designs for a building, product or system relating to construction work.
- Principal Designers - Designers appointed by the client in projects involving more than one contractor. They can be an organisation or an individual with sufficient knowledge, experience and ability to carry out the role.
- Principal Contractors - Contractors appointed by the client to coordinate the construction phase of a project where it involves more than one contractor.
- Contractors - Those who carry out the actual construction work, contractors can be an individual or a company.
- Workers - Those working for or under the control of contractors on a construction site.
What are the consequences if you don't comply?
Accidents in the construction industry are very common, with around one third of all workplace fatalities occurring in the construction industry. That's one of the biggest reasons why you should comply with the CDM 2015 Regulations.
- You are more likely to have a serious or fatal accident
- Your finished structure may not be safe
- Your construction work may be stopped by the HSE
- Additional work may be required to rectify matters
- You may be prosecuted or face a heavy fine in more serious cases
The HSE state the term 'designer' has a broad meaning in CDM 2015 Regulations. Here is what they say it can be;
Not only does it include architects and consulting engineers, but also quantity surveyors, building service engineers, temporary works engineers and others who specify the what's and the hows in detail.
Here are a few of the duties that a designer should consider that are listed in the new regulations:
- Eliminate hazards where possible and reduce risks from the hazards that cannot be eliminated
- Consider how the building will be cleaned, maintained and ultimately demolished
- Ensure that designs for workplace's meet the requirements of the Workplace Regulations 1992
- Determine the hazards of construction
- Provide information to other members of the project team to help them fulfil their duties.